in , , , , ,

Top 30 Java Interview Questions Helpful for Freshers for Upcoming Drives 2024

Java is one of the most popular programming languages, and proficiency in Java is highly sought after by employers. If you’re preparing for upcoming job interviews in 2024, here are the top 30 Java interview questions that will help you get ready:

Basic Java Questions

1) What is Java?

ANS : Java is a high-level, class-based, object-oriented programming language that is designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible.

2) What are the main features of Java?

ANS : Object-Oriented
Platform Independent
Simple and Secure
High Performance

3) What is the difference between JDK, JRE, and JVM?

ANS : JDK (Java Development Kit): A software development kit used to develop Java applications.
JRE (Java Runtime Environment): Provides libraries, Java Virtual Machine (JVM), and other components to run applications written in Java.
JVM (Java Virtual Machine): An abstract machine that enables your computer to run a Java program.

4) Explain public static void main(String[] args) in Java.

ANS : public: Access modifier that allows the method to be accessible from anywhere.
static: Allows the method to be called without creating an instance of the class.
void: Indicates that the method does not return a value.
main: The name of the method that is the entry point of any Java application.
String[] args: An array of String arguments passed to the main method.

5) What are the data types in Java?

ANS : Primitive Data Types: byte, short, int, long, float, double, char, boolean
Non-Primitive Data Types: String, Arrays, Classes, Interfaces
Object-Oriented Programming Concepts
What is OOP?
Object-Oriented Programming (OOP) is a programming paradigm based on the concept of objects, which can contain data and code to manipulate the data.

6) What are the main principles of OOP?

ANS : Encapsulation

7) What is encapsulation?

ANS : Encapsulation is the technique of wrapping the data (variables) and code acting on the data (methods) together as a single unit, typically a class.

8) What is inheritance?

ANS : Inheritance is a mechanism wherein a new class is derived from an existing class, inheriting its fields and methods.

9) What is polymorphism?

ANS : Polymorphism is the ability of a single interface to represent different underlying forms (data types). There are two types of polymorphism: compile-time (method overloading) and runtime (method overriding).

10) What is abstraction?

ANS : Abstraction is the concept of hiding the implementation details and showing only the functionality to the user.

Java Programming Concepts

1) What is a constructor in Java?

ANS : A constructor is a block of code used to initialize an object. It is called when an instance of a class is created.

2) What are the types of constructors?

ANS : Default Constructor
Parameterized Constructor

3) What is method overloading?

ANS : Method overloading is a feature that allows a class to have more than one method with the same name, provided their parameter lists are different.

4) What is method overriding?

ANS : Method overriding occurs when a subclass provides a specific implementation for a method that is already defined in its superclass.

5) What is the ‘this’ keyword?

ANS : The this keyword is a reference variable that refers to the current object.

6) What is the ‘super’ keyword?

ANS : The super keyword is used to refer to the immediate parent class object.

7) What is a static method?

ANS : A static method belongs to the class rather than instances of the class. It can be called without creating an instance of the class.

8) What is the final keyword?

ANS : The final keyword is used to declare constants, prevent method overriding, and prevent inheritance.

9) What are Java packages?

ANS : A package in Java is a namespace that organizes classes and interfaces. It helps to avoid name conflicts and to control access.

10) What is an interface in Java?

ANS : An interface is a reference type in Java that can contain only constants, method signatures, default methods, static methods, and nested types. Interfaces cannot contain instance fields or constructors.

Advanced Java Concepts

1) What is exception handling in Java?

ANS : Exception handling is a mechanism to handle runtime errors, ensuring the normal flow of the application. It is managed via try, catch, finally, throw, and throws keywords.

2) What is a Java thread?

ANS : A thread in Java is a lightweight process that executes a series of instructions. Threads can be created by extending the Thread class or implementing the Runnable interface.

3) What are the states of a thread?

ANS : New
Timed Waiting

4) What is synchronization in Java?

ANS : Synchronization is the capability to control the access of multiple threads to shared resources to prevent data inconsistency.

5) What is JDBC?

ANS : Java Database Connectivity (JDBC) is an API that enables Java applications to interact with databases. It provides methods to query and update data in a database.

6) What is the difference between ArrayList and LinkedList?

ANS : ArrayList: Uses a dynamic array to store elements. It provides fast random access but slow insertion and deletion operations.
LinkedList: Uses a doubly linked list to store elements. It provides fast insertion and deletion but slow random access.

7) What is a Java Collection Framework?

ANS : The Java Collection Framework provides a set of classes and interfaces for working with groups of objects, such as lists, sets, and maps.

8) What is the difference between HashMap and Hashtable?

ANS : HashMap: Not synchronized and allows one null key and multiple null values.
Hashtable: Synchronized and does not allow null keys or values.

8) What are lambda expressions?

ANS : Lambda expressions, introduced in Java 8, provide a clear and concise way to represent one method interface using an expression. They enable functional programming by treating actions as objects.


Preparing for Java interviews requires a solid understanding of both basic and advanced concepts. These top 30 Java interview questions will help freshers get ready for their upcoming drives in 2024. Make sure to review these concepts thoroughly and practice coding to enhance your problem-solving skills. Good luck!

What do you think?

Written by

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

GIPHY App Key not set. Please check settings

person holding pencil near laptop computer

Tech on a Budget: Must-Have Gadgets and Apps Under Rs 5000

woman sitting on armless chair with light between bookcases in room

The Do’s and Don’ts of Virtual Interviews